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Where Is The Coldest Place In Nigeria?



With so many cold places in Nigeria, travellers  have relatively given their opinion on which part of Nigeria is the coldest. That makes this topic very debatable.

Some people believe that the coldest place in Nigeria is Jos, Plateau State. The average temperature in Jos is around 21°C to 25°C, but it can drop as low as 7°C during the coldest months. Jos is located at an altitude of about 1,600 meters above sea level. The high altitude, combined with the dry Harmattan winds, makes Jos a very cold place.

Taraba and the New Concept of Development - TARABA STATE GOVERNMENT

Another place often considered to be the coldest in Nigeria is Gembu, Taraba State. Gembu is located on the Mambilla Plateau, which is the highest plateau in Nigeria. With temperatures varying from 11.7°C to 27.8°C and rarely below 9.4°C or above 31.1°C, Gembu is considered the coldest place in Nigeria.

The average temperature in Gembu is around 18°C, but it can drop to as low as 9.4°C during the coldest months. However, the debate about whether Gembu is actually colder than Jos still stands. Some sources say that Gembu is the coldest place in Nigeria, while others say that Jos is colder.

Ultimately, the coldest place in Nigeria is a matter of debate. Both Jos and Gembu are very cold places, and they are both located at high altitudes.

5 adventures in Taraba state that truly make it Nature's Gift to the Nation | Pulse Nigeria

If you are looking for a cold place to visit in Nigeria, any of the two cities above, and the other cities listed below would be a good choice:

1. Enugu: Harmattan in Enugu is usually experienced in December and January. The weather is usually around 25°C, with dusty air that brings harshness to the skin.

2. Sokoto: Though Sokoto could be very hot during the year, harmattan causes its temperature to be as low as 19°C.

3. Ekiti: Ekiti has various communities experiencing cold weather, including Ado-Ekiti, Ikere-Ekiti, Aramoko-Ekiti, and Omuo-Ekiti. Hausa traders invest in tea trading for profit during the cold season.

4. Abuja: Abuja, the capital city of Nigeria, experiences dusty and cold weather during harmattan, with a 22°C temperature.

5. Kaduna: Kaduna experiences hot, dry weather during Harmattan, with early morning temperatures around 19°C.

6. Kastina: Its December temperature ranges from 39°C to 7°C, recently with 18°C and potential foggy conditions.

7. Kano: Kano experiences cooler temperatures from December to February, with night-time lows of 11-15°C, and a 17°C forecast.


5 Inspirational Proverbs For the Week



Yoruba proverbs

Inspirational proverbs have long served as a treasure trove of wisdom, offering insights into human nature, culture, and life’s complexities in Nigerian culture.

Each week, we go deeper into the rich accumulation of proverbs, selecting five that encapsulate timeless truths and valuable lessons. Today, we delve into Nigerian proverbs from the Yoruba tribe, bringing you deep words with insightful meanings from this rich tribe.

Inspirational  proverbs

Join us at on this journey as we explore the profound wisdom encapsulated in the following Yoruba proverbs.

The 5 inspirational proverbs for the week are:

1. “Ise l’ogun ise.”

This proverb translates to “Work is the antidote for poverty”. It underscores the importance of hard work and diligence as the most effective means to escape poverty and achieve success in life.

2. “Bi a ba nja omo loyun, o maa nja eniyan.”

This proverb can be interpreted as “If you want to curse a child, you are also cursing the adult.” It emphasizes the interconnectedness of society and warns against causing harm to others, as it may eventually affect everyone.

3. “Oju to ba ri, ola to da.”

This proverb means “The eye that sees, the wealth that accompanies.” It explains the idea that knowledge and awareness lead to prosperity and success. If you must prosper, you must know.

4. “Ibi ti a ti de oke ooye, a o ma de ibi ti a ti de oke Iroko.”

This proverb translates “Where we’ve reached a significant height, we will reach the height of the Iroko tree.” It encourages perseverance and suggests that if you have achieved something substantial, you can achieve even greater things.

5. “Ojo ti mo ti de oke okun, ojo ti mo ti de oke oru, mo oye mo eyeo.”

This Yoruba proverb means “The day I crossed a large river, the day I crossed a dark forest, I knew how to swim and climb trees.” It signifies the importance of adapting and being resourceful in overcoming challenges and gaining valuable life skills.

Nigerian proverbs

Yoruba proverbs are known for their deep wisdom and insights into various aspects of life, and these examples provide a glimpse into the cultural richness and wisdom of the Yoruba people.

The Yoruba tribe is not just unique in their tribe and language, they also have a lot more other things that make them special and outstanding which include:

  • Their greeting
  • The way they show respect and hierarchy
  • Their craftsmanship
  • Their ability to create large city groups instead of small village groups
  • Their life of communism
  • Many cultural traditions like the naming of a newly born child, marriage customs, religious customs, etc.

The Yoruba people indeed have a very outstanding culture to boast of.

If you like more articles on arts and culture, and proverbs, check here.

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Banyankole Tribe: Where Bride’s Aunt Sleeps With Groom To Test His Skills



Banyankole Tribe: Where Bride's Aunt Sleeps With The Groom To Test His Libido |

The Banyankole are a large tribe located in the western districts of South Sudan. They are known for their traditions and culture, one of which is the desire for a perfect marriage. This desire is taken to the extreme, with some families going to great lengths as to let the bride’s aunt sleep with the groom just to test-run his bedroom skills.

This tribe, also known as the Ankole people, esteem the significance of virginity. In their culture, a young woman is expected to remain sexually pure. In return, a potential groom must also have exceptional prowess in the bedroom to ensure full satisfaction of the bride. Such responsibility to determine the sexual prowess of the groom falls on the bride’s knowledgeable aunt.

This duty is entrusted to the aunt from an early age, typically when a young girl reaches the tender age of eight. With great care and diligence, the aunt begins the grooming process, preparing the young girl for her future marriage.

It is believed that once the girl develops her womanly curves, she is to remain chaste until the significant occasion of her wedding night. Failure to adhere to this strict decree can result in severe social exclusion, and in some cases, the ultimate penalty – death.

Beauty too, holds an important role within this tribe. The Banyankole tribe perceived being soft, curved, and sexually attractive as a sign of allure, causing young girls to be hidden indoors. There, they are pampered with sumptuous feasts comprising beef, millet porridge, and large amounts of milk. This is done with the intent of enriching their fatness to match the tribe’s ideas of attractiveness.

The aunt’s responsibilities extend far beyond just guardianship. The aunt is also obligated with the duty of both finding out the groom’s sexual prowess and educating the bride-to-be on her future husband’s sexual capabilities. The aunt skillfully measures the groom’s sexual prowess by having sex with him, ensuring the groom possesses the necessary skills to satisfy his wife’s desires.

This act comes before the groom is allowed to wed his wife. The groom pays the bride’s family, and then there are celebrations and a feast. After the feast, the couple then consummate their marriage with the bride’s aunt present as a witness to help the couple improve their sex life.

This tradition shows the importance of virtue and family values in the Banyankole tribe. The Banyankole people have a rich history that combines love, desire, and tradition. It is a fascinating journey for the aunt, bride, and groom in this Ugandan tribe.

While this ancient tradition may perplex and amaze those unfamiliar with its customs, it reveals the importance accorded to virtue within the Banyankole tribe. The depths of their commitment to upholding and cherishing the purity of their womenfolk underscore the significance they place on the union of two souls.

With the uniqueness of this tribe, you would ask:

Where is Banyankole tribe?

The Banyankole tribe are the second largest ethnic group in Uganda, after the Baganda, the strongest tribe. The tribe are predominantly found in the western part of Uganda, in the districts of Mbarara, Bushenyi, and Ntungamo. 

What is the origin of Banyankole tribe?

The tribe originated from the combination of two main ethnic groups: the Bairu and the Bahima, with Bairu as the majority group who are Bantu agriculturists, and Bahima as the minority group who are Nilotic pastoralists. The Bairu is believed to have arrived in Ankole long before the Bahima.

The Bairu and the Bahima have a long history of interaction and conflict. The Bahima were traditionally the dominant group, and they ruled the Bairu as serfs. However, the Bairu have become increasingly assertive in recent years, and they are now playing a more equal role in Ankole society.

Despite their differences, the Bairu and the Bahima are united by their common identity as Banyankole. They share a common language, Runyankole, and they have a common history and culture. The Bairu and the Bahima are working together to build a better future for their people.

What are Banyankole known for?

The Banyankole people were known for their long-horned cattle. This breed is a type of humped cattle found in Africa. They are known for their long, curved horns, which can grow up to 6 feet long. The Mugabe, or king, was an absolute ruler and claimed all the cattle in the kingdom as a way to assert his power and authority.

The Banyankole cattle are an important part of their economy. They were used for milk, meat, and hides. They were also used as a form of currency and as a way to display wealth and status.

What is the religion of the Banyankole tribe?

Christianity is the dominant religion among the Banyankole tribe, with over 80% of the population identifying as Christian. The Roman Catholic Church and the Church of Uganda are the two largest Christian denominations among the Banyankole.

Prior to the arrival of Christianity, the Banyankole were animists, who believed in a variety of spirits and gods. They also practised traditional rituals and ceremonies. However, Christianity began to spread among the Banyankole in the 19th century, and it has since become the dominant religion.

Regardless of the Christianity that came to them, there are still some elements of the traditional Banyankole religion that persist, even among Christians. For example, many Banyankole still believe in the power of traditional healers and diviners.

Despite all, Christianity has had a positive impact on Banyankole culture. It has helped to promote education, development, and social harmony.

Who is the god of Banyankole?

Ruhanga is the supreme god in the traditional Banyankole religion. He is believed to be the creator of the world and all living things. Ruhanga is also believed to be a benevolent god who watches over his people and protects them from harm.

The Banyankole believed that Ruhanga could be communicated with through prayer and sacrifice. They also believed that Ruhanga could punish those who disobeyed him.

The Christian missionary movement in the 19th century had a significant impact on the Banyankole religion. Many Banyankole converted to Christianity, and the traditional religion began to decline. However, some traditional acts still remain.

If you like more posts on indigenous African arts and culture, check out our “Arts and Culture” page here.

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7 Exercises For Maintaining A Healthy Heart



Maintaining a healthy heart is essential for overall well-being. Regular exercise plays a crucial role in promoting a healthy heart. In this read, you will learn about a range of exercises that are not only effective but also enjoyable for your whole being. Whether you’re a fitness enthusiast or just starting your fitness journey, these exercises can help strengthen your heart, improve circulation, and boost your overall cardiovascular fitness.

There is no one “best” exercise for a healthy heart, but any type of aerobic exercise that gets your heart rate up and keeps it up for a sustained period is beneficial.

Some of these exercises for heart health include:

1. Brisk Walking or Jogging:
Walking or jogging are excellent low-impact exercises that can be done almost anywhere, making them accessible to people of all fitness levels. Aim for at least 30 minutes of brisk walking or jogging most days of the week. This simple exercise helps lower blood pressure, reduce the risk of heart disease, and improve overall cardiovascular health.

Walking Versus Running | The Guardian Nigeria News - Nigeria and World News  — Guardian Life — The Guardian Nigeria News – Nigeria and World News

2. Cycling:
Whether outdoors or on a stationary bike, cycling is an excellent way to get your heart pumping. It provides a low-impact cardiovascular workout that can be adjusted to various intensity levels. Cycling helps improve endurance, strengthens leg muscles, and promotes heart health.

3. Swimming:
Swimming is a fantastic full-body workout that is gentle on the joints. Being in the water provides natural resistance, which helps build strength and stamina. Regular swimming sessions help improve heart health, increase lung capacity, and reduce the risk of chronic diseases such as heart disease and stroke.

4. High-Intensity Interval Training (HIIT):
HIIT workouts involve alternating between intense bursts of exercise and short recovery periods. These workouts are time-efficient and highly effective for improving cardiovascular fitness. HIIT exercises can include jumping jacks, burpees, mountain climbers, and high knees. Such workouts increase heart rate, improve cardiovascular endurance, and burn calories efficiently.

5. Dancing:
Dancing is an enjoyable form of exercise that can significantly benefit your heart health. It not only gets your heart rate up but also improves coordination, balance, and flexibility. Whether you choose the traditional dance, Zumba, salsa, or hip-hop, dancing is a fantastic way to engage your cardiovascular system while having a great time.

Alvin Ailey Company Flexes New Muscle - The New York Times

6. Aerobic Classes:
Participating in aerobic classes, such as step aerobics, kickboxing, or cardio dance, can be a fun and energetic way to boost your cardiovascular fitness. With upbeat music and guidance from instructors, these classes offer a dynamic and engaging workout that targets the heart, strengthens muscles, and improves overall endurance.

7. Circuit Training:
Circuit training involves performing a series of exercises in quick succession, targeting different muscle groups. This high-intensity workout not only improves overall fitness but also provides cardiovascular benefits. Incorporating exercises like squats, lunges, push-ups, and jumping jacks in a circuit format helps improve heart health, burn calories, and build strength.

Other exercises you can do to improve your heart health include:

  • Running, a more vigorous form of exercise that can help to improve your cardiovascular fitness. If you are new to running, start slowly and gradually increase the distance and intensity of your runs.
  • Strength training, which helps to build muscle, which can help to improve your heart health. Aim for at least 2-3 strength-training sessions per week.

Outdoor Training Athletic Black Couple Doing Sport Exercises Together In  Park Stock Photo - Download Image Now - iStock

It is important to do some strength training exercises which not only help build muscle but also improve your overall fitness. Regular exercise is a key ingredient in maintaining a healthy heart. Whether you prefer low-impact activities like walking and swimming or high-intensity options like HIIT workouts and aerobic classes, there is an exercise for everyone.

Remember to consult your healthcare professional before starting any new exercise regimen, especially if you have existing medical conditions. So, lace up your shoes, get moving, and let these exercises help you on your journey towards a healthier heart!

Some additional tips for getting the most out of your exercise routine for heart health wouldn’t hurt, right? Check below.

  • You must find an activity that you enjoy and that you can stick with.
  • You should start slowly and gradually increase the intensity and duration of your workouts.
  • Always warm up before you exercise and cool down afterwards.
  • Do not forget to drink plenty of fluids before, during, and after your workouts.
  • Listen to your body and take breaks when you need them.

Also, keep in mind that there are drinks you take when you are on this journey. They help to make your exercise journey an easier one.

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