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Cultural Spotlight: History Of Idoma Tribe



Cultural Spotlight: History Of Idoma People |

Did you know that the history of the Idoma tribe is a fascinating subject that continues to be under scientific investigation? In this article, we will share some well-known facts about the origin and formation of this ethnic group.

The term “Idoma” refers to an ethnic group, a language, and the land where the people reside. The history of the Idoma tribe poses one of the most intricate questions about pre-colonial Nigeria.

Early studies of the Idoma origin link the tribe to an ancient ethnic group known as Akpoto (or Okposo). According to Samuel Ajayi Crowther, this ethnic group is now extinct, and it once occupied the majority of the land currently inhabited by the Idoma, Igala, and Igbira.

The theory surrounding the connection between Akpoto and the Idoma is still a subject of ongoing research, with scholars diligently examining the available evidence.

Akpoto people, according to J. N. Ukwedeh, held a substantial influence in the formation and development of the Idoma, Igala, and Ebira groups, occupying a significant portion of the Niger-Benue confluence area. The term “Akpoto” remains somewhat ambiguous, merely describing the people of the Ankpa region in the Eastern marches of Igalaland.

Another perspective suggests that the Idoma group traces its origins to Apa (Beipi), the capital of Kwararafa, a confederacy that was under the rule of Abakpawariga until the fifteenth century. Kwararafa existed within the Benue Valley area, and the Idoma group was undoubtedly one of the many tribes within the Confederacy.

According to Idoma tradition, the group left Apa due to increasing insecurity and persistent warfare in the kingdom. The period between 1476-1503 saw large-scale migration within Apa society, involving tribes such as the Idoma, Igala, Ebira, and others.

Idoma marriage rites: the death of “Oji”, the confession tradition |  IdomaLand

Documents and oral tradition indicate that in the early sixteenth century, the Idoma tribe began to expand across large areas of Lower Benue. Consequently, the tribe became widespread in the territory now inhabited by the Tiv, Igala, and modern Ebira.

Within Idomaland, internal migration occurred, leading to the formation of smaller groups such as Igede, Akweya, and Ufia, resulting in micro-nationalities within the Idoma territory. By the end of the eighteenth century, researchers confirmed that the tribe had firmly established itself in its current location. During this period, the tribe developed its own political, social, religious, and economic ideologies.

Considering all the evidence regarding the origin and history of the Idoma people, it can be concluded that the ancient Idoma were part of a significant migration from the Ape kingdom, ultimately settling in their present location.

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Interesting Facts About Idoma Tribe

1. Cultural heritage.

It is evident that the Idoma culture stands as one of the most captivating cultures in the country. The members of this tribe take great pride in their native heritage, diligently preserving numerous ancient traditions. This commitment has resulted in the development of unique artistic expressions, tales, music, beliefs, and various other cultural elements.

2. Steadfast locations.

The Idoma ethnolinguistic group primarily resides in the western areas of Benue State, but traces of Idoma culture can also be encountered in regions such as Nassarawa and Cross Rivers States.

Cultural Spotlight: History Of Idoma Tribe |

3. Central to the Idoma people’s beliefs is the ‘Alekwu spirit‘.

While many ethnic groups in the country have been significantly influenced by Christianity or Islam, the majority of Idoma individuals remain steadfast in their devotion to the ‘Alekwu spirit’. They annually celebrate a vital religious event known as the ‘Aje Alekwu‘ festival.

4. Distinct Idomoid languages.

The Idoma people communicate through their distinct language, classified as one of the Akweya subgroups of the Idomoid languages within the Volta-Niger family. Currently, the tribe comprises approximately 3.5 million people, and their language encompasses various dialects. These dialects include:

  • ‘Western Idoma’, spoken in Ogbadibo and Okpokwu local government areas.
  • ‘Northern Idoma’, is used in the Apa and Agatu regions.
  • ‘Central Idoma’, employed by the Ohimini and Otukpo people.
  • ‘Southern Idoma’, predominantly spoken by Ado communities.
  • 5. Fascinating history.

The Idoma tribe boasts a captivating history, contributing to the development of a vibrant and culturally rich heritage. Recognizable by their distinctive clothing adorned with red and black stripes, the Idoma people are renowned nationwide for their traditional dance, Ogirinya.

Researchers posit that the tribe’s ability to maintain and safeguard its cultural practices is largely attributed to its religious beliefs. As previously mentioned, the Idoma ethnic group has successfully preserved a system of traditional beliefs, ensuring the integrity of a substantial cultural legacy that persists to this day. Ongoing scientific exploration into the tribe’s history and origin promises the emergence of fresh and intriguing data in the future.

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3 Smallest Tribes In Africa And Their Cultures



3 Smallest Tribes In Africa, Their Culture And History |

Africa is a continent filled with over 3,000 unique tribes, each with its own rich traditions, languages, and histories. Every tribe deserves recognition and appreciation for their contributions to the continent’s cultural landscape.

While some tribes have grown in population over time, others have remained smaller, preserving their distinctive customs and identities. Today, we’ll go into the stories of three of Africa’s smallest tribes, their unique ways of life, and the significance of cultural preservation.

Deep in the heart of northern Uganda, roughly 370,000 individuals known as the Karamojong Tribe make their home. Their journey to this land stretches back centuries, with studies suggesting they migrated from Ethiopia around 1600 AD. Today, they proudly speak their own distinct language, Karamojong, and fiercely hold onto their cultural traditions.

3 Smallest Tribes In Africa: Their Culture And History |

The Karamojong people are deeply traditional, taking immense joy in their unique customs and practices. They tend to view any outside attempts to alter their way of life with suspicion, requiring careful understanding and sensitivity to bridge cultural gaps.

Their way of life revolves around livestock, with herding forming the core of their existence. In regions where herding proves challenging, they supplement their income by cultivating crops.

Sadly, the Karamojong population is steadily declining, highlighting the importance of recognising and preserving their valuable cultural heritage.

The Kunene region of northern Namibia and southern Angola is where the Himba tribe proudly carries on their traditions as one of Africa’s smallest communities, numbering around 50,000.

3 Smallest Tribes In Africa: Their Culture And History |

For over 500 years, they’ve called this land home, and their lives have been centred around tending livestock. Though small in size, their cultural spirit remains strong, guided by a unique system of inheritance where both maternal and paternal lineages hold importance.

Due to the arid environment, their diet primarily consists of fermented milk, porridge made from maize, and sometimes simply porridge without additional ingredients. To supplement their food sources, they incorporate cornmeal, chicken eggs, wild herbs, and honey into their meals. Occasionally, they sell cattle to acquire cash.

The Himba communicate in their own distinct language, Otjihimba, a branch of the Bantu language family. This rich tapestry of traditions, language, and resilience makes the Himba a truly remarkable community within the diverse cultural landscape of Africa.

Only 300 El Molo people, the smallest tribe in Kenya, live on the beaches of Lake Turkana. They arrived there over 3,000 years ago, leaving their Ethiopian farming life behind to become fishermen.

3 Smallest Tribes In Africa: Their Culture And History |

Their own language, El Molo, keeps their unique culture alive. While some now live in modern houses, many still choose traditional huts by the lake.

Many El Molo follow a traditional religion worshipping Waaq, a single god, like in ancient Oromo beliefs. Some have also embraced Christianity.

When someone dies, El Molo buries them under a small pile of stones and moves the whole village away, showing respect for the dead.

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Patience Ozokwo, Pete Edochie, Kanayo, Others Attend Unveiling of ‘Igbo Cinema’ In Ebonyi




Igbo Cinema: Actors Attend the Unveiling in Ebonyi |

A brand new cinema is coming to the southeastern region of Nigeria. To celebrate, some of the big Nollywood crew rolled out the red carpet for the big reveal. Movie makers from eastern Nigeria recently launched a special project to celebrate and share Igbo traditions with the world. The “Igbo Cinema and Culture Project” was officially announced last Saturday in Abakaliki, and everyone was excited about it.

Big names in Igbo entertainment, known for bringing their culture to life on screen, were super excited about this brand-new project and gave it a big thumbs up. The governor of Ebonyi State, Mr. Francis Nwifuru, also thinks it’s a great idea. He says it will help people feel even prouder to be Igbo, and many others agree. The project is dedicated to using movies, music, and dances to showcase the unique culture of the Igbo people.

In Ebonyi State Igbo Cinema First Emerged It Is Time To Narrate Our Stories Exactly As They Happened

Ebonyi erupted in excitement thanks to a dazzling event. The whole state buzzed with anticipation, and the ceremony itself was a star-studded extravaganza. Nollywood legends like Pete Edochie, Patience Ozokwo, Kanayo O. Kanayo, and Chiwetalu Agu joined a bunch of other famous people to see the big reveal of this amazing new project. Even the governor himself joined in on the party, making it a total blast for everyone’s eyes, ears, and hearts. It was a big celebration of everything that showcased the heart and soul of Igbo traditions. It was also a real treat for everyone involved.

Actress Chacha Ike was there to capture all the excitement, sharing videos of everyone having a blast. Legendary Igbo actors like Pete Edochie, Patience Ozokwo, Kanayo O Kanayo, Chiwetalu Agu, Rachael Okonkwo, and Somadina were all there, lighting up the place with their smiles.

Nollywood filmmakers unveil Igbo cinema, culture project in Ebonyi - QUICK NEWS AFRICA

The audience in attendance was brimming with elation, and in videos online, Pete Edochie even gave a big shout-out to the people who made it all happen. He emphasised that the cinema would continue to draw support from the community. Kanayo and Ozokwo echoed Pete Edochie’s words, praised the pioneers of the cinema project in the state, and urged them to persist in their efforts to keep the project thriving.

This Igbo cinema project might just be the next real hit. It’s like a big spotlight being shone on Igbo culture, and the pioneers are hoping it will bring people together and keep these traditions alive for generations to come.

Check out more updates here.

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5 Best Nigerian Contemporary Novels To Read In 2024



Nigerian Contemporary Novels To Read In 2024 |

There are so many reasons why you’d want to read a book in 2024. You could be trying to improve your vocabulary. You could be trying to build a healthy reading habit. You could be trying to bond better with that cute lover of yours. Or maybe you’ve gotten some internal or external nudge to start your reading journey. Whatever the case, you’re in for something good.

If you’re not an avid reader but you started 2024 by promising yourself to read more books, you might want to start with fiction—or literature, as I would like to call it. I mean, you could pick up 48 Laws of Power, Rich Dad, Poor Dad, and all those psychological and educational books scattered around the net. But if you want to stay glued to the cause, I recommend you start with fiction. And! As a proper Nigerian—with a sprinkle of Gen Z—I have to say that contemporary novels are the best thing after your favourite food. I have five Nigerian contemporary novels that I think you’d love. Have a look.

1. When The Sky Is Ready, The Stars Will Appear

Every young and ambitious person should read this book. If you’ve ever questioned the place of timing in every one of your pursuits, this book spells out the simple but most underrated truth: when it is your time, nothing! will stop you. A heartwarming story of hope, friendship, and family bonds, told with gentle wit and candour, E.C. Osundu tells the story of a young man embarking on a quest to Rome in pursuit of a brighter future, following his grandma and only guardian’s demise.

2. Stay With Me

Stay with Me by Ayobami Adebayo: 9781101974414 | Books

Ayobami Adebayo raised the bar so high with this book. For one, it left me utterly confused and in a flurry of mixed emotions. I felt a kind of pity that I could not describe Yejide and Akin. “Stay With Me” tells the tale of Yejide and Akin, a deeply in love couple grappling with infertility. When they eventually welcome children into their lives, tragedy strikes as the infants succumb to death.  It is a devastating story of the fragility of married love, the undoing of family, the wretchedness of grief, and the desire to have children.

3. Sankofa

Sankofa: A Novel - Kindle edition by Onuzo, Chibundu. Literature & Fiction Kindle eBooks @

A tale of the intimate journey to identity discovery! You may not find this book interesting at the beginning, especially if you don’t think an identity crisis is a real thing. But with every page, your curiosity will unexpectedly soar, and in the end, you’ll wonder how a 46-year-old woman would search for her father like some lost lover. You would also be happy that she found herself.

This book centres around Anna, a mixed-race British woman who, while going through a divorce and grappling with the recent loss of her mother, stumbles upon diaries authored by her father, Francis Aggrey. She had never met him, and the diaries reveal his life as a student in 1970s London. As Anna reads on, she learns about her father’s encounters with racism and his romantic involvement with her mother.

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Over time, she unravels the truth that her father, now known as Kofi Adjei, played a pivotal role as a revolutionary in the liberation of the fictional West African nation of Bamana. Kofi then became its inaugural president and evolved into a formidable and authoritarian dictator. Amidst a tumultuous separation from her unfaithful husband and navigating a complex relationship with her adult daughter, Anna decides to journey to Bamana to finally meet her father.

4. Exit West

Contemporary Novels To Read In 2024 |

credit: amazon

Perhaps the most painful part of this story is Saeed and Nadia’s split. They shared too many intimate moments—like sharing a spiff—so it was saddening to see them grow apart. Set in a war-torn country, two young individuals cross paths—Nadia, a sensual and fiercely independent woman, and Saeed, a gentle and restrained man. They enter into a discreet love affair amidst the turmoil engulfing their city.

As the unrest transforms familiar streets into a mosaic of checkpoints and bomb blasts, rumours circulate about mysterious doors—portals capable of transporting people to distant places, albeit at a perilous cost. With the escalating violence, Nadia and Saeed reach a decisive moment where they feel compelled to act. Abandoning their homeland and former lives, they locate a door and take a courageous step through it.

5. A Broken People’s Playlist

Contemporary Novels To Read In 2024 |

Before you pick up this book to read, prepare your mind because you will cry—or maybe not, depending on how sensitive you are. Set in Porthacourt, Chimeka Garricks tells the tale of ordinary people facing extraordinary emotions. From the sting of betrayal to the ache of loss, each character finds their verse echoed in the lyrics of familiar songs. Love weaves its way through stories of both domestic struggles and forbidden desires, while the city’s vibrant beat thrums against the backdrop of societal challenges. Police sirens, dreams of a better tomorrow, environmental woes, and yearning for family—this novel takes us through a journey of resilience and hope, where even the harshest notes find harmony in the shared spirit of community. A Broken People’s Playlist’ is a collection of 12 music-inspired stories. This captivating collection isn’t just a book; it’s a playlist for the soul.

And that’s it. Which one of them would you love to read first?

If you like this article, read more here.

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