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History Of Television Stations In Nigeria

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History Of Television Stations In Nigeria | Fab.ng

Many people commonly identify the Nigeria Television Authority (NTA) as the first television station in Nigeria due to its widespread popularity, and they’re not entirely incorrect. Given that Nigeria gained independence in 1960, it’s understandable to associate anything introduced after independence as a pioneering initiative.

However, this article aims to dive into the distinction between the first television station in Nigeria both before and after independence, with deeper insights into the country’s media evolution.

Recognizing the pivotal role that news media plays in shaping opinions and disseminating information on topics like government, politics, fashion, religion, and lifestyle, it becomes critical to explore the historical landscape of broadcasting corporations and new media in Nigeria.

First Television Station Pre-independence 

Before Nigeria had its television station, the British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) was present in the late 1950s. In 1959, Chief Obafemi Awolowo took a groundbreaking step by establishing Nigeria’s first indigenous TV station in Ibadan—Western Nigerian Television (WNTV), marking one of Africa’s earliest television stations.

WNTV held historical significance as the first TV station in Africa, south of the Sahara, and played a crucial role in the mass communication development of Nigeria.

The ability of regions to establish independent TV stations emerged when broadcasting transitioned from the exclusive to the concurrent list. This shift granted regions the autonomy to create broadcasting stations free from government control. Despite conducting a test transmission in 1959, WNTV officially commenced regular broadcasts on October 31, 1959.

Operating in black and white, the station featured a diverse range of programming, including local and foreign content such as news, sports, dramas, documentaries, and musical shows. Reflecting the linguistic diversity of the Western Region of Nigeria, broadcasts were conducted in Yoruba and English.

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WNTV played a pivotal role in promoting Nigerian culture and national unity by showcasing and nurturing local talent in drama, music, and various artistic realms. This effort contributed to fostering a shared cultural identity among Nigerians from different ethnicities and regions.

The objectives of WNTV at its inception included educating and entertaining Western Nigeria, promoting cultural heritage and national unity, and supporting economic and social development, thereby creating employment opportunities for the people of Western Nigeria.

First Television Station Post-independence 

Following Nigeria’s independence on October 1, 1960, Kaduna established its television channel, Radio Kaduna Television (RKTV), in 1962, specifically catering to Northern Nigeria.

Simultaneously, a federal channel, the Nigerian Broadcasting Corporation (NBC), was founded in Lagos in the same year to serve the southwestern part of Nigeria.

In 1972, Benin introduced MidWest TV in Port Harcourt, and by 1974, the Benue-Plateau Television Corporation was established in Jos, marking Nigeria’s first colour television station.

During this period of television expansion, the Nigerian government, led by Sir Abubakar Tafawa Balewa, the first Prime Minister of Nigeria, established the Nigerian Television Authority (NTA) in 1977.

This move led to the merger and rebranding of existing broadcast corporations, such as RKTV, NBC, MidWest TV, and Benue-Plateau Television, into NTV, now owned by NTA. NTA stands as the largest television network in Nigeria today.

Initially, NTA operated with a single channel, featuring limited programming that spanned a few hours daily, including news, sports, and educational programs. In its early stages, NTA predominantly produced in-house content, but as the network expanded, it began acquiring programs from other countries.

Historically holding a monopoly over television in Nigeria, NTA controlled 101 stations in state capitals and towns. However, in 1990, this monopoly was broken, leading to a significant increase in the number of functional broadcast stations.

Presently, Nigeria boasts more than 740 operational broadcast stations.

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ARTS & CULTURE

10 Facts About Lions That Will Blow Your Mind

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10 Facts About Lions That Will Blow Your Mind | Fab.ng

Lions: they roar, they’re fierce, and they’re the undisputed kings of the jungle, right? While all that’s true, there’s a whole lot more to these majestic creatures than meets the eye.

Beyond their undeniable strength and bravery lies a world of fascinating facts and surprising behaviours that might just blow your mind. We will see some of these facts below. So, buckle up and get ready to discover 10 incredible things about lions you never knew.

While you might often hear lions referred to as the “King of the Jungle,” the truth is, they don’t actually live in jungles! This nickname likely arose from a couple of reasons. One possibility is that it’s simply a result of a translation error. In some languages, the word for “lion” is similar to the word for “jungle cat,” which could have been misinterpreted.

Another possibility is that it stems from a more general lack of understanding of where lions actually live. Historically, people in Europe and North America may not have been familiar with the specific types of habitats found in Africa, where most lions reside. So, they might have mistakenly applied the term “jungle” to any wild, untamed area, and lions, being the apex predators in their environment, naturally became the “kings” of these imagined jungles.

In reality, lions primarily make their homes in grasslands, savannas, and open woodlands. These regions provide them with the perfect combination of hunting grounds and cover to thrive.

Lions don’t just roar to sound tough; they’re actually having a loud conversation. Their roars can reach a whopping 114 decibels, which is about as loud as a motorcycle engine. That’s enough to be heard over 5 miles away, almost like sending a sound message across the savanna.

These mighty roars are how lions talk to each other, letting everyone know where their territory starts and reminding other lion groups to stay away. It’s like a long-distance phone call, but way cooler.

While many might picture ferocious kings of the jungle constantly on the prowl, lions actually surprise us with their laid-back lifestyle. These big cats are champs at chilling, spending a whopping 20 hours a day snoozing or relaxing.

Why the need for all that rest? They’re strategic planners. By conserving their energy during the day, they’re perfectly fueled for hunting expeditions during the cooler nighttime hours.

Think of them as nocturnal ninjas, taking advantage of the darkness to catch their prey with renewed energy and stealth.

Don’t let their chill vibes fool you. Lions might be the ultimate nap champions; they don’t mess around when it comes to hunting. When duty calls, these big cats can transform into speedy predators.

In short bursts, they can zoom across the savanna at 50 miles per hour (80 kilometres per hour)! That’s almost as fast as a car driving in the city! This impressive burst of speed helps them catch their prey by surprise, ensuring a successful meal after all that lounging around.

Lions aren’t just about roaring and lounging around. Their manes aren’t just stylish accessories; they actually tell a story. A male lion’s mane is like a built-in resume, revealing clues about his health, age, and even how manly he is.

Like a badge of honour, a darker, fuller mane tells everyone that this lion is strong and healthy. Not only does that impress the ladies (lionesses), but it also sends a clear message to other male lions: “Don’t mess with me; I’m the king of the jungle.”

Crazy, right? Whenever you see a lion with a magnificent mane, remember, that it’s not just fur—it’s a walking advertisement for his awesomeness.

The mighty lion might roar the loudest, but it’s actually the lionesses who are the real action heroes of the pride. These fierce females are the hunting squad, working together like a well-oiled machine to take down even the biggest prey.

Forget the image of lions lazing around all day. These lionesses are strategic and organised, coordinating attacks to surround and capture animals like zebras, wildebeests, and even towering giraffes.

Teamwork makes the dream work, and these lionesses prove it every time they bring home a meal for the whole pride.

Lions may be big cats, but unlike their loner cousins, like tigers or leopards, they love company. They live in groups called prides, which can be like big, bustling families with up to 30 members.

But here’s the twist: the queen bees in this pride are the lionesses. These strong females lead the whole crew, taking charge of hunting food and raising all the adorable cubs together. Forget the image of a lone lion ruling the savanna – lions are all about teamwork and girl power.

Did you know every lion has its own special freckle code? Just like humans have unique fingerprints, each lion has a distinct pattern of spots on their whiskers. These whisker spots are like personal ID cards for lions—so different that researchers can use them to tell individual lions apart in the wild.

It’s like a secret language hidden right under their noses, helping scientists track and learn all about these fascinating creatures. Pretty cool, right?

Lion cubs are adorable little creatures with fluffy fur and big, curious eyes. But did you know that they also have a built-in disguise? When they are born, lion cubs are covered in dark spots that help them blend in with their surroundings. This camouflage is essential for their survival, as it helps them hide from predators while they are still young and vulnerable.

The spots on a lion cub’s fur are similar to the spots on a leopard’s fur. They help to break up the cub’s outline, making it more difficult for predators to see them. This is especially important in the tall grass and savannas where lions live, as these environments provide plenty of hiding places for predators.

The spots on a lion cub’s fur will gradually fade as they grow older. By the time they are adults, the spots will usually be gone completely. However, some lions will retain faint spots into adulthood. These spots are a reminder of the cub’s playful past and their time spent hiding from danger.

The future of these majestic creatures is uncertain. Lions are sadly listed as “vulnerable” on the Red List, which means they’re at risk of disappearing forever. Over the past 20 years, their numbers have dropped by almost half—that’s like 4 out of every 10 lions gone. This decline is mainly due to three big threats:

  • Losing their homes: Lions need wide-open spaces to roam and hunt, but their natural habitat is shrinking as more land is used for farming and other human activities. It’s like their jungle gyms are disappearing.
  • Clashing with humans: Sometimes, lions and humans come into conflict, especially when they wander near villages or livestock. This can lead to both lions and people getting hurt, which is never a good thing.
  • Poaching: Sadly, some people hunt lions illegally for their body parts, even though it’s against the law. This is like stealing from the animal kingdom.

These threats are serious, but people are working hard to protect lions. By learning more about these amazing animals and supporting conservation efforts, we can all help give them a roar-some future.

Check out more facts here.

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ARTS & CULTURE

3 Smallest Tribes In Africa And Their Cultures

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3 Smallest Tribes In Africa, Their Culture And History | Fab.ng

Africa is a continent filled with over 3,000 unique tribes, each with its own rich traditions, languages, and histories. Every tribe deserves recognition and appreciation for their contributions to the continent’s cultural landscape.

While some tribes have grown in population over time, others have remained smaller, preserving their distinctive customs and identities. Today, we’ll go into the stories of three of Africa’s smallest tribes, their unique ways of life, and the significance of cultural preservation.

Deep in the heart of northern Uganda, roughly 370,000 individuals known as the Karamojong Tribe make their home. Their journey to this land stretches back centuries, with studies suggesting they migrated from Ethiopia around 1600 AD. Today, they proudly speak their own distinct language, Karamojong, and fiercely hold onto their cultural traditions.

3 Smallest Tribes In Africa: Their Culture And History | Fab.ng

The Karamojong people are deeply traditional, taking immense joy in their unique customs and practices. They tend to view any outside attempts to alter their way of life with suspicion, requiring careful understanding and sensitivity to bridge cultural gaps.

Their way of life revolves around livestock, with herding forming the core of their existence. In regions where herding proves challenging, they supplement their income by cultivating crops.

Sadly, the Karamojong population is steadily declining, highlighting the importance of recognising and preserving their valuable cultural heritage.

The Kunene region of northern Namibia and southern Angola is where the Himba tribe proudly carries on their traditions as one of Africa’s smallest communities, numbering around 50,000.

3 Smallest Tribes In Africa: Their Culture And History | Fab.ng

For over 500 years, they’ve called this land home, and their lives have been centred around tending livestock. Though small in size, their cultural spirit remains strong, guided by a unique system of inheritance where both maternal and paternal lineages hold importance.

Due to the arid environment, their diet primarily consists of fermented milk, porridge made from maize, and sometimes simply porridge without additional ingredients. To supplement their food sources, they incorporate cornmeal, chicken eggs, wild herbs, and honey into their meals. Occasionally, they sell cattle to acquire cash.

The Himba communicate in their own distinct language, Otjihimba, a branch of the Bantu language family. This rich tapestry of traditions, language, and resilience makes the Himba a truly remarkable community within the diverse cultural landscape of Africa.

Only 300 El Molo people, the smallest tribe in Kenya, live on the beaches of Lake Turkana. They arrived there over 3,000 years ago, leaving their Ethiopian farming life behind to become fishermen.

3 Smallest Tribes In Africa: Their Culture And History | Fab.ng

Their own language, El Molo, keeps their unique culture alive. While some now live in modern houses, many still choose traditional huts by the lake.

Many El Molo follow a traditional religion worshipping Waaq, a single god, like in ancient Oromo beliefs. Some have also embraced Christianity.

When someone dies, El Molo buries them under a small pile of stones and moves the whole village away, showing respect for the dead.

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Patience Ozokwo, Pete Edochie, Kanayo, Others Attend Unveiling of ‘Igbo Cinema’ In Ebonyi

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Igbo Cinema: Actors Attend the Unveiling in Ebonyi | Fab.ng

A brand new cinema is coming to the southeastern region of Nigeria. To celebrate, some of the big Nollywood crew rolled out the red carpet for the big reveal. Movie makers from eastern Nigeria recently launched a special project to celebrate and share Igbo traditions with the world. The “Igbo Cinema and Culture Project” was officially announced last Saturday in Abakaliki, and everyone was excited about it.

Big names in Igbo entertainment, known for bringing their culture to life on screen, were super excited about this brand-new project and gave it a big thumbs up. The governor of Ebonyi State, Mr. Francis Nwifuru, also thinks it’s a great idea. He says it will help people feel even prouder to be Igbo, and many others agree. The project is dedicated to using movies, music, and dances to showcase the unique culture of the Igbo people.

In Ebonyi State Igbo Cinema First Emerged It Is Time To Narrate Our Stories Exactly As They Happened

Ebonyi erupted in excitement thanks to a dazzling event. The whole state buzzed with anticipation, and the ceremony itself was a star-studded extravaganza. Nollywood legends like Pete Edochie, Patience Ozokwo, Kanayo O. Kanayo, and Chiwetalu Agu joined a bunch of other famous people to see the big reveal of this amazing new project. Even the governor himself joined in on the party, making it a total blast for everyone’s eyes, ears, and hearts. It was a big celebration of everything that showcased the heart and soul of Igbo traditions. It was also a real treat for everyone involved.

Actress Chacha Ike was there to capture all the excitement, sharing videos of everyone having a blast. Legendary Igbo actors like Pete Edochie, Patience Ozokwo, Kanayo O Kanayo, Chiwetalu Agu, Rachael Okonkwo, and Somadina were all there, lighting up the place with their smiles.

Nollywood filmmakers unveil Igbo cinema, culture project in Ebonyi - QUICK NEWS AFRICA

The audience in attendance was brimming with elation, and in videos online, Pete Edochie even gave a big shout-out to the people who made it all happen. He emphasised that the cinema would continue to draw support from the community. Kanayo and Ozokwo echoed Pete Edochie’s words, praised the pioneers of the cinema project in the state, and urged them to persist in their efforts to keep the project thriving.

This Igbo cinema project might just be the next real hit. It’s like a big spotlight being shone on Igbo culture, and the pioneers are hoping it will bring people together and keep these traditions alive for generations to come.

Check out more updates here.

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